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The full form of MDS is Master of Dental Surgery, which is a post-degree course awarded for a course or program in the field of dentistry.  The duration of Master of Dental Surgery is 3 years. In the dental course, you are given 1-year training. After M.B.B.S., Master of Dental Surgery is the most sought degree in the field of medical science which enables one to become an expert dentist.

During this course dentistry schools make you an expert to work as a dentist in government or private hospitals or can open your dental clinic to serve the society. In addition to serving people, a career in dental science is one of the most attractive options at present. There is a lot of demand abroad also, after MDS.

Eligibility for MDS course

The basic qualification for MDS course is a BDS degree. One must have a Bachelor’s degree in Dental Surgery or a provisional passing certificate in BDS an equivalent qualification from any Indian dental university recognized by Dental Council of India (DCI).

Also, one must have completed or been in the process of completion of the one-year internship or practical training. This training or internship done in the respective dental college should be approved or recognized by the Government of India.

Branches of MDS

To do MDS, first of all, you have to select the branch i.e. specialization, based on which you are given a subject. Following are the main branches of MDS, from which you can select the discipline of your choice.

Oral Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS or OMS) specializes in surgery of the face, mouth, and jaws. these are dentists who treat conditions, defects, injuries and esthetic aspects of the mouth, teeth, jaws and face through surgery. They are commonly referred to as an oral surgeon.

Operative Dentistry

Restoration of parts of the teeth that are defective as a result of trauma, disease, or abnormal development to a state of normal health, function and esthetic comes under operative dentistry.

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Prosthetic dentistry or Prosthodontics

Prosthetic dentistry or Prosthodontics is also known as Restorative dentistry which deals with the procedures and management that are performed to keep your mouth healthy and functional. These procedures include making dentures, putting in dental implants, fillings cavities, and crowns etc.


Orthodontics is a special branch of dentistry that focuses on correcting bites, occlusion, and the straightness of teeth. They perform functions like Cephalometric X-ray, Panoramic X-rays, Orthodontic Photographs, Impressions, Bonding and doing Orthodontic Adjustments.


Paedodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with children’s teeth. It specialises in the care and management of children’s teeth. Also known as paediatric dentistry, it treats patients from birth until adolescence.

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The internship is a process where you get a chance of practical knowledge of what you have studied during the theory classes i.e. practical experience of book knowledge. The freedom to work with open hands before starting the actual career, a chance to refine your skills.

Preventive Dentistry

Clear from the term itself that Preventive dentistry helps to avoid cavities, gum disease, enamel wear, and more by caring for your teeth to keep them healthy. There are many forms of preventive dentistry, such as daily brushing and dental cleanings. Preventive dentistry includes educational instruction such as proper brushing and flossing methods to prevent tooth decay and routine oral exams, cleanings, sealants, X-rays, and fluoride treatments etc.


Prosthodontics is the area of dentistry that focuses on prosthetics of teeth and is also known as dental prosthetics or prosthetic dentistry. A Prosthodontist deals with the replacement of missing teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by bridges, dentures or prostheses etc.  


A periodontist is a dentist who specializes in the dental implants and prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease.  Periodontists are also experts in the treatment of oral inflammation.

If you want admission in MDS

Fill up the form below if you want admission in MDS. You will get a call back with all details and options. 

Career After MDS

After doing MDS, you have a lot of options. Dentists can find employment opportunities in both the government and private sectors. Most dentist doctors prefer to work as a profession and work as a Private Practitioner. But after all, all these jobs are for you only. Here are some great jobs which you can opt for

  • Dental Surgeon
  • Oral Pathologist
  • Consultant
  • Community Dentist
  • Dental Forensic Expert
  •  Professor/Lecturer
  •  Public Health Specialists

Areas of working after MDS

If you want to work as an employee after your Masters in Dentistry, the world is open to you. Following are the main fields where you can get a job with high respect and salary.

  • Dental Clinics and Hospitals
  • Dental Equipment Manufacturers
  • Dental Products Manufacturers
  • Dental Laboratories
  • Dental Colleges & Research Institutes
  • Military Services
  • Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Private Practice
  • Research Institutes

Dentistry in Army

Army Dental Core is a collaborative branch of the Army Medical Corps. The Chief of the Dental Corps gets the rank of Colonel and is also called the Deputy Director of Dental Services. Navy and Air Force have separate departments of dentistry. There are five specialists for diverse branches of dental care. For the training of dental mechanical and dental protectors, they are taught at Armed Forces Medical College, Poona. The recruitment is in the form of the first short service commission. The permanent commission is given to some selected executives.

Other courses after BDS

Besides MDS, other Masters Courses are available in dentistry like Post-Graduate Diploma in Dentistry. Some colleges provide diploma course in a particular branch like Endodontics, Orthodontics, Lasers etc whereas some big setups provide training in all the aspects of dentistry covering multiple branches. Some of the common diplomas are

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Dentistry
  • PG Diploma in Endodontic Practice
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Dental Studies
  • PG Diploma in Clinical Research 
  • Diploma in Advanced Restorative Dentistry
  • PG Diploma in Implant Dentistry 
  • PG Diploma in Dental Education     

MDS courses are of 3 years duration. Unless you get a government MDS seat, this course can get very costly to complete. In comparison, diploma courses are of 2 years or less in duration depending on where you are doing the course. Remember money spent to learn a dental skill is never a waste as you will use this new skill and earn more but you have to be selective in choosing the right course and branch for you.

Major Dental Institutes

Maulana Azad Institute of Dental SciencesNew Delhi  
Faculty of Dental Sciences, King George’s Medical University Lucknow
Faculty of Dentistry Jamia Millia IslamiaDelhi
Azad Dental CollegeNew Delhi
ESIC Dental College Indraprastha UniversityDelhi
Army College of Dental Science Pune
Government Dental CollegeSecunderabad
Ahmedabad Dental College Ahmedabad
Medical College MaulanaPunjab
Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarh
Dr. R. Ahmad Dental CollegeKolkata

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